These conventions — all of which are described by the United Nations as part of its panoply of anti-terrorist measures — share three principal characteristics: Although political denunciation of terrorism in all its forms had continued apace, there had been no successful attempt to define 'terrorism' as such in a broad sense that was satisfactory for legal purposes. There was also some scepticism as to the necessity, desirability and feasibility of producing an agreed and workable general definition.
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There are over different definitions of terrorism.
Experts and other long-established scholars in the field are equally incapable of reaching a consensus. Coady has written that the question of how to define terrorism is "irresolvable" because "its natural home is in polemical, ideological and propagandist contexts".
Revolutionary terror is not terrorism. To make a moral equivalence between the Revolution's year II and September is historical and philosophical nonsense.
The violence exercised on 11 September aimed neither at equality nor liberty. Nor did the preventive war announced by the president of the United States. Shock and Awe" as a subcategory of "rapid dominance" is the name given to massive intervention designed to strike terror into the minds of the enemy.
It is a form of state-terrorism. The concept was however developed long before the Second Gulf War by Harlan Ullman as chair of a forum of retired military personnel.
These difficulties arise from the fact that the term "terrorism" is politically and emotionally charged. During the s and s, the United Nations attempts to define the term floundered mainly due to differences of opinion between various members about the use of violence in the context of conflicts over national liberation and self-determination.
Sincethe United Nations General Assembly has repeatedly condemned terrorist acts using the following political description of terrorism: Criminal acts intended or calculated to provoke a state of terror in the public, a group of persons or particular persons for political purposes are in any circumstance unjustifiable, whatever the considerations of a political, philosophical, ideological, racial, ethnic, religious or any other nature that may be invoked to justify them.
Code Title 22 Chapter 38, Section f d defines terrorism as: Involve violent acts or acts dangerous to human life that violate federal or state law; Appear to be intended i to intimidate or coerce a civilian population; ii to influence the policy of a government by intimidation or coercion; or iii to affect the conduct of a government by mass destruction, assassination, or kidnapping; and occur primarily outside the territorial jurisdiction of the U.
A definition proposed by Carsten Bockstette at the George C. Marshall European Center for Security Studiesunderlines the psychological and tactical aspects of terrorism: Terrorism is defined as political violence in an asymmetrical conflict that is designed to induce terror and psychic fear sometimes indiscriminate through the violent victimization and destruction of noncombatant targets sometimes iconic symbols.
Such acts are meant to send a message from an illicit clandestine organization. For example, carrying out a strategic bombing on an enemy city, which is designed to affect civilian support for a cause, would not be considered terrorism if it were authorized by a government.
This criterion is inherently problematic and is not universally accepted,[ attribution needed ] because: Controversies about labeling terrorism Having the moral charge in our vocabulary of 'something morally wrong', the term 'terrorism' is often used to abuse or denounce opposite parties, either governments or non-state-groups.
Jihadimujaheddinand fedayeen are similar Arabic words that have entered the English lexicon. It is common for both parties in a conflict to describe each other as terrorists. On one point, at least, everyone agrees: It is a word with intrinsically negative connotations that is generally applied to one's enemies and opponents, or to those with whom one disagrees and would otherwise prefer to ignore.
Use of the term implies a moral judgment; and if one party can successfully attach the label terrorist to its opponent, then it has indirectly persuaded others to adopt its moral viewpoint.
If one identifies with the victim of the violence, for example, then the act is terrorism. If, however, one identifies with the perpetrator, the violent act is regarded in a more sympathetic, if not positive or, at the worst, an ambivalent light; and it is not terrorism.
There is the famous statement: It assesses the validity of the cause when terrorism is an act.Recent Examples on the Web. Under the state of emergency, political intimidation has become routine, government opponents have been accused of terrorism, and press freedom and the right to protest have been significantly curtailed.
— Iliana Magra, grupobittia.com, "Stakes high in Turkish election, for Erdogan and the country," 23 June The celebrated Ukrainian filmmaker Oleg Sentsov is.
The 9/11 Report: A Graphic Adaptation [Sid Jacobson, Ernie Colón] on grupobittia.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The 9/11 Report for Every American On December 5, , the 9/11 Commission issued its final report card on the government's fulfillment of the recommendations issued in .
The American National Red Cross, as a member of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, adheres to the Fundamental Principles of the International Red . Terrorism research, also called terrorism and counter-terrorism research, is an interdisciplinary academic field which seeks to understand the causes of terrorism, how .
These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'terrorism.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors.
Jul 27, · Terrorism: Terrorism, the systematic use of violence to create a general climate of fear in a population and thereby to bring about a particular political objective.
|Featured Books What is Terrorism?|
Definitions of terrorism are complex and controversial; because of the inherent ferocity of terrorism, the term in its popular usage has developed an intense stigma.