The challenges of regulating the use of tobacco in malaysia

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The challenges of regulating the use of tobacco in malaysia

Abstract Background The Framework Convention on Tobacco Control makes a number of recommendations aimed at restricting the marketing of tobacco products. This study systematically reviews the existing literature on tobacco industry efforts to influence marketing regulations and develops taxonomies of 1 industry strategies and tactics and 2 industry frames and arguments.

Methods Searches were conducted between April-Julyand updated in March Articles were included if they made reference to tobacco industry efforts to influence marketing regulations; supported claims with verifiable evidence; were written in English; and concerned the period — Narrative synthesis was used to combine the evidence.

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Six main political strategies and four main frames were identified. The tobacco industry frequently claims that the proposed policy will have negative unintended consequences, that there are legal barriers to regulation, and that the regulation is unnecessary because, for example, industry does not market to youth or adheres to a voluntary code.

The industry primarily conveys these arguments through direct and indirect lobbying, the promotion of voluntary codes and alternative policies, and the formation of alliances with other industrial sectors.

The majority of tactics and arguments were used in multiple jurisdictions. Conclusions Tobacco industry political activity is far more diverse than suggested by existing taxonomies of corporate political activity.

The challenges of regulating the use of tobacco in malaysia

Tactics and arguments are repeated across jurisdictions, suggesting that the taxonomies of industry tactics and arguments developed in this paper are generalisable to multiple jurisdictions and can be used to predict industry activity. Background The public availability of internal tobacco industry TI documents resulting from state-level litigation and the signing of the Master Settlement Agreement MSA in the USA has formed the basis of an extensive body of work on TI political activity see [2] for overview.

These studies have greatly expanded our understanding of the scope of TI political activity, but they tend to be event or case-study based.

While the focused nature of these studies provides potentially valuable detail of the political strategies used by large tobacco companies, they do not draw out the broader trends and patterns of TI political activity, and with almost publications now based on these documents [3] it is increasingly difficult for public health advocates and policymakers to learn from the research findings.

the challenges posed by END/ENNDS and consider prohibiting or regulating them, including as tobacco products, medicinal products, consumer products or other categories, as appropriate, taking and % of the population were ENDS users in Malaysia,7 % in New Zealand8 and % in the Philippines. WHO report on the global tobacco epidemic, Country Profile: Malaysia 2 Prevalence of tobacco use Tobacco use data from the latest survey results as at 31 December Articles. Below are some articles that might interest you. If you would like to suggest an article for this page, please email us.

Only two studies have reviewed elements of this literature systematically [1][4]and none have attempted to develop taxonomies where industry tactics and arguments can be assessed and systematically categorised in a way that could be applied to other areas of public health involving corporate interests.

This paper therefore aims to both systematically review the existing literature on strategies used by the TI to influence regulation aimed at restricting the marketing of tobacco products, and to develop taxonomies for categorising the tactics and arguments used.

By providing a summary of industry actions in this area, this review is likely to be a valuable resource for enhancing the ability of public health advocates and policymakers to understand, predict, and potentially counter tactics the TI might use to exert influence on policy and the types of arguments it is most likely to make when it does.

The challenges of regulating the use of tobacco in malaysia

The FCTC covers Existing research shows that despite TI claims that marketing is only used for brand switching and capturing market share, there is a significant link between TI marketing and smoking initiation among young people and increased smoking prevalence [9][10][11][12][13][14][15].

This underpins the continuing importance of understanding the strategies the TI use to shape policies aimed at regulating the marketing of tobacco products which kill half of their long-term users [16][17].

Methods This review aimed to identify all articles that examined TI attempts to influence marketing regulation from to see Protocol S1. Marketing encompasses five key variables: However as a systematic review of TI influence on tobacco tax has already been completed [1]we excluded price in the form of tax from this review.

All searches were conducted between April and Julyand were updated in March JSTOR is a digital library of academic journals, books, and primary sources. In jurisdictions that are using existing legislation to regulate e-cigarettes, the devices are classified as a range of products including: tobacco, tobacco derivatives, tobacco imitation products, consumer goods, chemical mixtures, drugs, medicinal products or devices and/or poisons/hazardous substances.

Malaysia’s first implemented pictorial health warnings in January Health warnings were required to cover 40% of the front and 60% of the back of all cigarette packages.

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In January , a second set of warnings were adopted, and the size requirements increased to 50% of the front and 60% of the back of all cigarette packages. Get the latest international news and world events from Asia, Europe, the Middle East, and more.

See world news photos and videos at challenges by tobacco or allied interests. States and localities will be able to engage in all such tobacco use, reducing adult tobacco use or otherwise protecting and promoting public health.

The Fact Sheet 5: Tobacco Product Marketing Restrictions cont. To learn more about FDA regulation of tobacco, visit Despite the challenges faced by the sukuk market, there have been a number of significant developments in recent months, including regulatory changes in the US and the inclusion of sukuk in a number of key indices.

How Does the Tobacco Industry Attempt to Influence Marketing Regulations? A Systematic Review