Your answer should also evaluate criticisms encountered by their respective cultural frameworks. Justify your answer with specific business related examples. According to Hall people of european heritage believe that what they live in is a word world.
This knowledge is particularly crucial for people in international business, technology professions, and other work areas that require people from different cultures to interact online. The roots of the word culture come from the Latin word colere to inhabit, cultivate.
The original meaning was used in the biological sciences for example, a bacterial culture. In the mid-to-late 19th century, the term came to be applied to the social development of humans.
Today, the most commonly accepted meaning of the word comes from Ernest Gellner, who calls culture "the socially transmitted and sometimes transformed bank of acquired traits 3. For example, we see people of a particular gender, age, skin color, or body type height, weight, etc and we assume they must belong to a particular culture.
All cultures have a system of communication linguistic and non-verbalcomprise the basis of self-identity and community, and exhibit behaviors and practices that are visible.
Varieties of Culture We can speak of varieties of cultures such as subcultures or micro-cultures. The boundaries among these different groups overlap, are permeable, change, and evolve over time.
Cultures are organic entities. The most historically successful cultures adapt to outside forces, manage their environmental resources equitably and sustainably, make friends with their neighbors, and have relatively egalitarian social and economic structures Diamond Universal Dimensions of Cultures In the s and s, two theorists, Geert Hofstede and Edward Hallindependently developed paradigms for the organization and identification of cultures.
The central motives of this research were to see if there exist universal categories of culture that span social communities and nations.
This research produced five dimensions that are applicable to cultures all over the world: There are two types of context dimensions: The essential difference between the two is the importance that each culture places on the context versus the actual message itself.
High-context cultures assign primary importance to the stimuli surrounding a message and secondary importance to the message itself.
In a high-context culture, you will hear communication norms like what matters isn't what is said but who said it, no talking in church, and it's not what you say but how you say it.
High-context cultures need more time to make decisions and perform transactions than low-context cultures. There are a lot of "read-between-the-lines" scenarios.
According to Nitish Singh, "high context cultures have close connections among group members, and everybody knows what every other person knows. Most information is intrinsically known implicit rather than explicit Outside observers will never know the explicit message that is communicated, or observers may misinterpret the message they are saying they love each other - oh, how nice!Intercultural Communication: Cultural Barriers When communicating across cultures, we could confront some cultural barriers.
One of these is culture shock, or the process of challenges to adjusting to life in a new culture, and another is verbal communication.
From Intercultural Awareness to Intercultural Empathy Honglin Zhu School of Foreign Languages, Changzhou University Intercultural awareness can be regarded as the foundation of communication.
It involves two qualities: one is the awareness of one’s own culture; the other is the awareness of another culture. In other words, it involves the. Division of Student Affairs OutcOmes and Impact RepORt The Western Michigan University (WMU) Student Affairs Division Strategic Plan stems • The integration of Intercultural Competence initiatives and assessment into departments in residence halls; • The development of the Housing and Dining Master Plan for.
Intercultural Awareness Report Halls Low and High Context Cultures; This essay will be discussing, Halls theory of High and low cultural context and Hofsted’s cultural dimensions will also be discussed, along with their relevance to the work place and business relations.
Low-context cultures emphasize speed, accuracy, and efficiency in communication (a "lean" message is preferred). According to Singh, "low-context cultures are logical, linear, action-oriented, and the mass of information is explicit and formalized. Those with low ethnocentricity may feel “curious, interested, and inspired” by their intercultural interactions and as a result, experience the benefits of increased intercultural competence (Neuliep & McCroskey, .