The firm sells its products either at average industry prices to earn a profit higher than that of rivals, or below the average industry prices to gain market share.
What do we mean by social inequality? How can we conceive of and talk about social inequality in ways that are general enough to apply across the range of relevant phenomena, consistent enough to minimize conceptual ambiguities, and precise enough to be analytically effective?
People are unequal in every conceivable way in endless circumstances, both immediate and enduring, by both objective criteria and subjective experience. So, what counts as social inequality?
Can we characterize it in ways that let us confidently and impartially assess when there is more or less of it? Analytical Task Analytical task: What is social inequality?
We often think that the meaning of social inequality is self-evident or easy. Perhaps it is when we focus on extreme versions of the more obvious forms of social inequality, such as the rich compared to the poor.
We want to begin by looking a little deeper into our conceptualization of social inequalities.
Choose two kinds of inequality. For each of these two kinds of inequality, consider an example showing a high degree of inequality and another showing equality or a minimal amount of inequality. For example, if we used political inequality as one kind, we might select one highly authoritarian nation and one highly democratic one, or we might compare two unions or two professional organizations.
Here we are simply trying to conceive a simple 2 x 2 table, showing two kinds of inequality and two levels of inequality for each kind.
This is the simplest design for doing social analyses, whether that analysis is empirical or theoretical. It is fine to use standard, commonly discussed kinds of inequality, but being original and creative about kinds of inequality to consider is also good. Describe briefly how the relevant groups are unequal for each type.
Do not worry about why such inequality exists. For now, we are concerned with what we mean by inequality, not what causes it.
Try to specify the crucial experiences, opportunities, or other circumstances that distinguish the beneficiaries of the inequality from those who are disadvantaged. Consider also the relationships between the disadvantaged and advantaged, both direct and indirect.
The idea of "indirect relationships" refers to ways that the advantaged or disadvantaged influence the circumstances or actions of those who are differently situated without direct interaction, e.
In short, for each of the two types of inequality, what induces us to call one example high inequality and another low? After working through the questions above, try to complete a definition sentence beginning "In general, social inequality exists when The implicit strategy is compare what social inequality means for the two chosen examples, then to try to identify the common conditions that make them and other forms all merit being called "social inequality" distinguished from the characteristics specific to certain types of inequality or concrete historical and cultural conditions.
To do this involves not only the empirical comparison, but the appropriate conceptual abstraction.Competitive analysis is the practice of analyzing the competitive environment in which your business operates (or wishes to operate), including strengths and weaknesses of the businesses with which you compete, strengths and weaknesses of your own company, demographics and desires of marketplace.
Competitive strategy is the search for a favorable competitive position in an industry, the fundamental arena in which competition occurs. Competitive strategy aims to establish a profitable and sustainable position against the forces that determine industry Competitive advantage grows fundamentally out of value a firm.
Traditional approaches to strategy assume a relatively stable world. They aim to build an enduring competitive advantage by achieving dominant scale, occupying an attractive niche, or exploiting. The purpose of its competitive strategy is to build a sustainable competitive advantage over the organization’s rivals.
It defines the fundamental decisions that guide the organization’s marketing, financial management and operating strategies.
This guide serves to provide both a guided, extended reading list on analyzing social inequality (or stratification) and the syllabus for a graduate course based on the core of this extended reading list (over articles are included below).
Porter and Competitive Advantage. The information revolution and the tales of competitive advantage have certainly altered how managers throughout business see the role of Information Systems.