Meet our Staff Photo from a previous PRI investigation of a propaganda poster over a street in China which reads, "If you are supposed to wear an IUD but don't, or are supposed to have your tubes tied but don't, you will be arrested on sight!
Urban India has higher child sex ratio than rural India according toand Census data, implying higher prevalence of sex selective abortion in urban India. Similarly, child sex ratio greater than boys per girls is found in regions where the predominant majority is Hindu, Muslim, Sikh or Christian; furthermore China and abortion child sex ratio of to boys per girls are also found in regions where the predominant majority is Hindu, Muslim, Sikh or Christian.
These data contradict any hypotheses China and abortion may suggest that sex selection is an archaic practice which takes place among uneducated, poor sections or particular religion of the Indian society. The data suggests the existence of high sex ratios before and after the arrival of ultrasound-based prenatal care and sex screening technologies in India.
Rutherford and Roy, in their paper, suggest that techniques for determining sex prenatally that were pioneered in the s, gained popularity in India. Such prenatal sex determination techniques, claim Sudha and Rajan in a report, where available, favored male births.
They conclude, contrary to common belief, that the recent rapid spread of ultrasound in India, from the s through s, did not cause a concomitant rise in sex-selection and prenatal female abortion.
The immorality of prenatal sex selection has been questioned, with some arguments in favor of prenatal discrimination as more humane than postnatal discrimination by a family that does not want a female child.
Others question whether the morality of sex selective abortion is any different over morality of abortion when there is no risk to the mother nor to the fetus, and abortion is used as a means to end an unwanted pregnancy?
The law also established physicians who can legally provide the procedure and the facilities where abortions can be performed, but did not anticipate sex selective abortion based on technology advances.
The impact of the law and its enforcement is unclear. The Public Health Foundation of India, an activist NGO in its report, claimed a lack of awareness about the Act in parts of India, inactive role of the Appropriate Authorities, ambiguity among some clinics that offer prenatal care services, and the role of a few medical practitioners in disregarding the law.
The Indian Medical Association has undertaken efforts to prevent prenatal sex selection by giving its members Beti Bachao save the daughter badges during its meetings and conferences. Similarly with India, the tradition of dowry plays role. Other countries with large populations but high sex ratios include Pakistan and Vietnam.
United Nations Population Fund, in its report,  claims the birth sex ratio of Vietnam at with its densely populated Red River Delta region at ; for Pakistan, the UN estimates the birth sex ratio to be The urban regions of Pakistan, particularly its densely populated region of Punjab, report a sex ratio above less than females per males.
According to the CIA estimates, countries with more than males per females at birth also include Albania and former Soviet republics of Armenia and Azerbaijan. Caucasus[ edit ] Topography of the Caucasusa region at the border of Europe and Asiasituated between the Black and the Caspian seas The Caucasus has been named a "male-dominated region", and as families have become smaller in recent years, the pressures to have sons has increased.
After the collapse, the birth sex ratios sharply climbed and have remained high for the last 20 years. Among couples having their first child, Armenia averages boys for every girls every year.
If the first child is a son, the sex ratio of the second child of Armenian couple averages to be If the first child is a daughter, the sex ratio of the second Armenian child averages to be boys for girls.
As ofaccording to CIA estimates, Albania has one the highest birth sex imbalances in the world, at Abortion in China is legal and is a government service available on request for women. In theory this does not apply to sex-selective abortion, although this remains the basis for some women's requests.
In addition to virtually universal access to contraception. Statistics about Forced Abortion in China. Female Suicide in China.
In China, suicide rates are higher for women than men, while in all other countries (with the exception of the small island nation of São Tomé and Príncipe) the suicide rate is higher for men than for women.
1 marked a significant cultural shift in China — starting this year, families will be able to have two children.
This alters the one-child policy that was introduced in to control the. The abortion rate among women in China is %, which far exceeds the average level of other developed nations; in the population of year-old young women, the abortion rate is 62%.
[xx] In Shanghai, Beijing and other large cities, the rate of repeat abortion is higher than 50%. Aug 11, · China has a national policy regulating the number of children that a woman is allowed to have. The central concept at the individual level application is "illegal pregnancy".
The purpose of this article is to describe and problematicize the concept of illegal pregnancy and its use in practice. By. Feb 01, · How China's One-Child Policy Led To Forced Abortions, 30 Million Bachelors Journalist Mei Fong tells Fresh Air that China's one-child policy drastically reshaped the country's demographic make-up.