The main focus for comparing Athens and Sparta is the comparative table below.
Visit Website All healthy male Spartan citizens participated in the compulsory state-sponsored education system, the Agoge, which emphasized obedience, endurance, courage and self-control.
Spartan men devoted their lives to military service, and lived communally well into adulthood. They were farmers, domestic servants, nurses and military attendants.
Spartans, who were outnumbered by the Helots, often treated them brutally and oppressively in an effort to prevent uprisings. Spartans would humiliate the Helots by doing such things as forcing them to get debilitatingly drunk on wine and then make fools of themselves in public.
This practice was also intended to demonstrate to young people how an adult Spartan should never act, as self-control was a prized trait. Methods of mistreatment could be far more extreme: Spartans were allowed to kill Helots for being too smart or too fit, among other reasons.
The Spartan Military Unlike such Greek city-states as Athens, a center for the arts, learning and philosophy, Sparta was centered on a warrior culture.
Male Spartan citizens were allowed only one occupation: Indoctrination into this lifestyle began early. Spartan boys started their military training at age 7, when they left home and entered the Agoge.
The boys lived communally under austere conditions. They were subjected to continual physical, competitions which could involve violencegiven meager rations and expected to become skilled at stealing food, among other survival skills.
The teenage boys who demonstrated the most leadership potential were selected for participation in the Crypteia, which acted as a secret police force whose primary goal was to terrorize the general Helot population and murder those who were troublemakers.
At age 20, Spartan males became full-time soldiers, and remained on active duty until age In the phalanx, the army worked as a unit in a close, deep formation, and made coordinated mass maneuvers.
No one soldier was considered superior to another. Going into battle, a Spartan soldier, or hoplite, wore a large bronze helmet, breastplate and ankle guards, and carried a round shield made of bronze and wood, a long spear and sword.
Spartan warriors were also known for their long hair and red cloaks.
Athens became a democracy, with its Assembly (every citizen (at least 6,)could go there and approve or reject the proposals made by the Council (chosen for a year, appr. members). The Greco-Persian Wars Probable Spartan hoplite (Vix crater, c BC). The Spartan king Demaratus had been stripped of his kingship in BC, Sparta and Athens had a leading role in the congress but the interests of all the states influenced defensive strategy. Athens Thrives – BC Athens is one of the world’s oldest and recognized cities that existed from ancient times. The ancient Athenians claimed that the city was founded by .
Spartan Women and Marriage Spartan women had a reputation for being independent-minded, and enjoyed more freedoms and power than their counterparts throughout ancient Greece.
While they played no role in the military, female Spartans often received a formal education, although separate from boys and not at boarding schools. In part to attract mates, females engaged in athletic competitions, including javelin-throwing and wrestling, and also sang and danced competitively.
As adults, Spartan women were allowed to own and manage property. Additionally, they were typically unencumbered by domestic responsibilities such as cooking, cleaning and making clothing, tasks which were handled by the helots.
Marriage was important to Spartans, as the state put pressure on people to have male children who would grow up to become citizen-warriors, and replace those who died in battle. Men who delayed marriage were publically shamed, while those who fathered multiple sons could be rewarded.
In preparation for marriage, Spartan women had their heads shaved; they kept their hair short after they wed. Married couples typically lived apart, as men under 30 were required to continue residing in communal barracks. In order to see their wives during this time, husbands had to sneak away at night.In BC, supported by troops from Athens and Eretria, the Ionians marched on, captured, and burnt Sardis.
Sparta and Athens had a leading role in the congress but the interests of all the states influenced defensive strategy. A.D. a biographical dictionary. Greenwood Publishing Group. Athens became a democracy, with its Assembly (every citizen (at least 6,)could go there and approve or reject the proposals made by the Council (chosen for a year, appr.
members). Athens and Sparta Timeline Timeline of Athenian History BC Eupatrid oligarchy Originally, the Athenians were ruled by kings, but in time, the kings were replaced by archons and the nobility was in grupobittia.com eupatrids were the.
A Military Comparison Between the years of B.C.
and B.C., the nation known today as Greece was merely a collection of unallied city-states. The two most powerful and best-known of those city-states were Athens and Sparta. Athens Vs. Sparta Throughout the ancient world there were two dominating empires.
(S) The Athenian City (polis) and the Spartan empire. These two cities were . Sparta and Athens were both Greek city states that dominated ancient Greece during the fifth century BCE.
Each city state had at least a partially elected government and a strong military, and both relied on the labor of slaves.